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Essay on population control policies
There are two reasons for this. According to a 2006 report from the Deutsche Banks research department, other countries have reached a similar age bracket as Chinas today of 32-34 years at a much higher income per capita and thus at a later stage in their economic development.63. In the mid-1950s, fears that excessive growth would hinder economic development and a desire to improve maternal and child health led the government to reverse its position and look for ways to control essay on population control policies population growth. Here are some essays on Population of varying lengths to help you with the topic in your exams/school assignments. Even the Chinese government admits that there have been instances and periods of coercion surrounding womens reproductive decisions. However, because of rugged mountains in the west and vast desert areas in central China, the population is concentrated within a surprisingly small area. Firstly, more children for them mean more number of hands to work and earn money for the family. Nevertheless, concern regarding the composition and geographical distribution of population also forms a crucial part in a population policy. Thus, population policy embraces both direct as well as indirect measures that influence demographic variables for the achievement of the desired national goals. China is today facing potentially serious demographic problems as a result of its past population policies. The pro-natalist population policy reached a climax in some of the European countries like Germany and Italy during the intervening period between the two wars.
Topic proposal: population, control, policy, Essay, writing Sample
Advertisements: The term population policy refers to the legislative measures, administrative programmes and other government actions in a country intended to regulate population size and its various attributes in the larger interest of the social, political and economic goals. On the other hand, those that enjoy moderate climate are densely populated. One study estimated that the rise in age at marriage accounted for eight percent of the reduction in the number of births between 1919 percent of the reduction between 19, avoiding about 100 million births. . More and more natural resources are being used to meet the demands of the people. Political Environment, countries that enjoy a stable government and a healthy political environment are densely populated. Apart from air pollution, China faces the dual problems of water scarcity and pollution. 14 Given the increases in life expectancy, people are also likely to spend more years caring for elderly parents. Population commonly refers to the total number of people living in a particular region.
16 The shortage of girls will reinforce Chinas demographic problems, eventually reducing the number of marriageable women. This has led to a surplus of boys in the child population, with the proportion of boys below age 10 that are five to fifteen percent above the normal levels. Could the improved health and education in many countries be achieving this goal without specific population control measures? Unemployment causes poverty which is another essay on population control policies problem. It was hoped that third and higher order births could be eliminated and that about thirty per cent of couples might agree to forego having a second child. The countrys water resources have declined due to high demand, inefficient use and decreasing natural supplies. Chinas present working age population will age by then and create a different set of labour related problems. The government must also take this matter seriously and put proper rules and policies in place to ensure population control. Things that Impact Population Density, the density of population in any area is calculated by dividing the total number of people by the area they are living.
Essay on the failure of our population policies for controlling
They believe that it is morally suitable for the organization to pay individuals who agree to use contraceptives or to become sterilized. China had endured a civil war, war with Japan, serious flooding, famine and social and political turmoil.Chinas new leaders were determined to reduce poverty and stabilise the political situation. The problems of population and demographics are vastly different in Asia at present. In addition, some people argue that it doesnt matter how whether the population is exploding. It is clear that unless China pays focused attention to its already serious environmental issues, the resultant social upheavals will seriously impact the countrys economic and political stability. The growing ethnic and linguistic groups pose a serious challenge to Chinas national identity. Conclusion People must understand the importance of controlling the population. The official death rate in 1953 was 14 deaths per 1,000 people. Sons are preferred for a number of reasons. Get help with your essay today, from our professional essay writers! This is likely to have far reaching social and political ramifications. . Controlling the population has thus become the need of the hour. It was argued that the sacrifice of second or third children was necessary for the sake of future generations.
Many minority groups have increasing contact with counterpart minority communities who live outside Chinas borders. Compliance was encouraged through a system of rewards and punishments.62 The government hoped these methods would hold the overall population size.2 billion by the year2000. Chinas central government is struggling to balance the advantages of a multiethnic society with the possibility that these groups and their international contacts might pose a threat to Beijings hold on the nation.84 Get help with your essay today, from our professional essay writers! Voluntary, moderate population control methods are still desirable for several reasons, including public health, and womens issues. However, I am not sure that this should put an end to the notion of family planning and population control. China covers about the same geographic area as the United States, although its population is nearly five times greater. Promoting Adoption, the government of India is also promoting the adoption of children. Two, Chinas pension system (a social necessity due to socialist past) faces a demographic time bomb, with the Deutsche Bank report citing an IMF assessment that the transition to a more sustainable pension system is likely to cost well in excess of S 100 billion. By essay on population control policies delaying marriage and childbearing, the state has been able to lengthen the gap between generations, lower national fertility, and slow overall population growth. When the Chinese Communists formed the new government, there were roughly half a billion Chinese. Seemingly innocent regional fault lines are increasingly taking a potentially dangerous ethnic overtone. Although China is often described as being ethnically homogenous, there is considerable ethnic diversity within the countrys borders. Fertility declines accelerated in the 1970s and early 1980s, influenced by government birth planning policies that began in the 1970s and became more restrictive by 1980.
Similarly, the essay on population control policies areas that remained mildly hot during the summer season now experience extremely hot weather. Population Essay 2 (300 words introduction. While the human population is on the verge of explosion, the wildlife population is decreasing over the time. This is the reason why the density of population in such countries is increasing. Rapid population growth during the 20th century helped shape Chinas society in myriad ways as China concurrently struggled with the breakdown of its dynastic structure, world wars, civil wars, and the founding of a new nation. .
Long and Short, essay
Get help with your essay today from our professional essay writers! It was increasingly being realized that all efforts to raise the standard of living would be jeopardized if rapid increase in population were not checked. An estimated 80-90 percent of the victims have been girls. The United States is going to have to make a decision in the near future where they stand on these issues. Having children later in their life infringes on the amount of babies they are capable of bearing. Today China is still relatively poor, but its median age is comparable with the international average. If so is our government going to disregard or change them for the sake of future generations health and lives? Chinas air quality also suffers from other pollutants, such as particulate matter, which cloud the air and have negative health effects. . The official death rate had dropped below eight by 1970and below seven by 2000. 3, china has come a long way since the Mao era when sex was officially a matter of doing ones reproductive duty for the state. However, empowering women by seeking gender equality will require some major social changes, which will be difficult to achieve. In some of the largest and most advanced cities like Shanghai, sizeable proportions of couples choose to have only one child.
Population increase, on the whole, is not responsible for Chinas environmental problems. There are several people who abandon their children at birth owing to various reasons. Last year the.S. The bare-foot doctors of the Mao era were victims of economic reform. One is that it is in a demographic sweet spot, with a rapidly rising working-age population as a result of sharp falls in infant mortality two to three decades ago. 19 This along with the appreciable rise in the aged population will place a tremendous load on the entire socio-economic security structure for the elderly in China. These countries are being advised to control human control measures. Many Chinese citizens continue to resist the policy. One Child Policy.
Population in English for Children and Students
One of the leading factors is the progress in the field of science and technology. Generally both adults work full-time. Chinas fertility decline has been supported by some of the worlds most restrictive national birth planning policies. People were to be encouraged to have only one child, through a package of financial and other incentives, such as preferential access to housing, schools, and health services. Similarly, early Romans, characterized by a fertility cult, had state-sponsored provisions of a number of privileges to the married couples with children, while at the same time additional financial burden in the form of taxes used to be imposed. Chinas mortality has declined dramatically over the past 50 years, especially in the early years of the Peoples Republic. 7, get help with your essay today, from our professional essay writers! Advertisements: Since birth rates continued at a very high level, these countries began experiencing population growth at rates hitherto unknown in entire human history.
17 Gender imbalance has played a role in igniting social unrest in the past, with bands of surplus bachelors turning to brigandage and insurrection. . Those who do not get their desired jobs often adopt unsolicited means to earn money. Chinas program is more accurately named a birth planning or population planning program, reflecting the theory that human procreation and material production (the two kinds of production often referred to in Chinese discussions of birth planning) must be in balance in a socialist society. This is causing an imbalance in the environment. A growing population will have a serious impact on the needs of the families, especially the poor of LDCs.
Advertisements: The desired national social, economic and political goals of a country can be achieved through any or more of the three components of population change, namely, fertility, mortality and migration. All sorts of agencies have devoted time and resources to studying, problematizing, and strategizing in order to deal with the threat of overpopulation. Rural areas were of particular concern because they accounted for more than 75 percent of all population growth. One, China is likely to grow old before it becomes rich. This suggestion does not mean that if the fertility rates are lowered to replacement level that the population will come to immediate halt. It may be noted here that in addition to the specifically designed measures, population policy also includes those aspects of overall public policy of a country that affect its demographic attributes. The countrys population.3 billion in the early 2000s is projected to grow by another 100 million by 2050. This does not only cause degradation of the environment but also increases the cost of living. Predictions have been made that by the year 2075 there will be 12 billion people. However, the word population does not only mean the human population but also the wildlife population and the overall population of animals and other living organisms who have the ability to reproduce. It is a number of children a couple must bear to replace themselves. In the post-World War II period, with the emergence of large number of independent nations, population policies representing a different point of view began essay on population control policies to develop.
Population, control, policies, sociology, essay
People from the uneducated and poor class are seen bearing greater number of children. The expansionist policies in these countries stemmed from the works of Marx and other socialist writers, who strongly argued that the problem of overpopulation is unique and inevitable feature associated with capitalist mode of production. Growing population is a serious concern in India. To this day no one knows precisely how many babies and women have died at the hands of the population control fanatics in China. There are those proponents of the tech-fix, who believe that human ingenuity is capable of dealing with any human population, and therefore the population explosion is not a problem. This is because it is having a negative impact on the weather. The growing pollution due to the ever increasing traffic and the establishment of various industries is another reason for the decrease in population of the fauna.
There are many other measures that need to be taken to curb this issue. However, I will say that population control in Third World nations have become an essential component of public policy, and have taken on many forms around the world. The corresponding shortage of girls accrued over the last twenty years is close to ten million. . If not, what measures can be taken to prevent such population growth? Population refers to the total number of organisms inhabiting in a particular area. But much of the mortality and fertility change emanated from government actions that directly essay on population control policies or indirectly initiated demographic change. All the newly emerging nations, which were earlier colonies of one or the other European power, were characterized by mass poverty and underdevelopment. Attract a lot of immigrants as they offer much better packages and a good standard of living to people. The most strict and controversial policy (the one-child campaign) began in 1979. Already, in the Yangtze and Pearl River Deltas, where manufacturing activity is the densest, labour shortages have appeared. Resources, the areas with good availability of resources such as oil, wood, coal, etc are densely populated while those that lack these basic resources are sparsely populated.
Overpopulation, Population, control and Public, policy - Term Paper
Ancient Greeks, for instance, were particularly concerned with the size and quality of their populations. Moreover, water pollution has seriously impacted water quality throughout the country. . Besides, technological growth has given way to industrialization. Medicines and advanced medical equipments have been developed to cure several diseases. Human population is growing at a rapid pace in certain countries.
They may also reflect female infanticide. . In China, the sex ratio at birth has increased from 107 boys for 100 girls in 1982 to 111 in 1989 and 117 in 2000. These provisions were aimed at encouraging procreation. The population of several species of birds and animals has gone down drastically owing to factors for which the human beings alone can be held responsible. Treatments and cures for various illnesses have been developed and thus the death rate has gone down. Some researchers have argued that the combination of pollution, desertification, population growth, and rising food consumption will inevitably produce a food crisis in China that will affect the entire world.83. Population Essay 3 (400 words introduction.
Population, control, necessary?, Sample of, essays
18 A Beijing power struggle between cautious old technocrats and aggressive young nationalists being decided by mobs of rootless young men demanding uniforms, rifles and a chance to liberate Taiwan76, is not entirely an implausible scenario. Its called, Reducing Births by Empowering Women. How Science and Technology has Led to Human Population Explosion? Environmentalists, politicians, and the concerned public are trying to prove that we are depleting our resources and are slowly killing ourselves. Water tables are rapidly declining, and some areas of China are likely to face severe water shortages in the future, leading to serious health, economic and social consequences. It is slightly higher than two children per couple.