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My prenatal develomental stage essay
As you now know, women who use drugs or alcohol during pregnancy can cause serious lifelong harm to their child. Order Custom Essay, prices Starting.95 per Page! Certain supplements for folic acid, calcium, iron, zinc, and other nutrients are recommended to keep their proportion adequate for the mother as well as the baby. The age of the mother plays a pivotal role in these situations. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013 smoking while pregnant can result in premature birth, low-birth-weight infants, stillbirth, and sudden infant death syndrome (sids). I consider that nature or genetics plays the dominant role in the prenatal period, however the environment is important at this time, as well. By then, the fetus has very little room to move around and birth becomes imminent. Smaller features such as hair, eyelashes, nails, start appearing on the baby. Basic structures of the embryo start to develop into areas that will become my prenatal develomental stage essay the head, chest, and abdomen. Lets take a look at some of these newborn reflexes. Women in the United States are much less likely to be afflicted with rubella because most women received childhood immunizations or vaccinations that protect the body from disease. Genetic Problems, as the baby grows, there are chances of some abnormal formations or development issues in the physical aspects of the child, across multiple organs.
Prenatal, development, stages, essay - 872 Words Major Tests
Chapin RE, Robbins WA, Schieve, LA, Sweeny, AM, Tabacova SA, Tomashek. Fetal Stage (Weeks 940 when the organism is about nine weeks old, the embryo is called a fetus. The internal organs, such as the lungs, heart, stomach, and intestines, have formed enough that a fetus born prematurely at this point has a chance to survive outside of the mothers womb. Recall that when the zygote attaches to the wall of the mothers uterus, the placenta is formed. There are the general problems one might observe during this stage. Lets take a look at what happens to the developing baby in each of these stages. A single blood vessel that later grows to become the heart starts pulsating lightly. While the fetus grows in size and crowds the abdominal cavity, some women can have problems taking deep breaths, and sleeping well at night. This is then followed by formation of the limbs, roughly around 5 weeks into pregnancy. The mother can be affected negatively because the child pulls on all the mothers sources of vitamins and minerals to meet his/her own necessities. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Facial Features. Foetal Stage, around the completion of 9 weeks of pregnancy, the growth of the embryo finally reaches a stage where it then is referred to as, a foetus.
Define and differentiate between various infant reflexes. Multiple ridges start forming along the neural plate which leads to the creation of a hollow tube-like structure. There can be further birth complications in the child. What can young infants see, hear, and smell? Hearing has developed, so the fetus can respond to sounds. This is also where the first steps of the brains development begin. The sperm of the father and the egg of the mother combine together, inside a fallopian tube of the mother. When the mother smokes, the developing baby experiences a reduction in blood oxygen levels.
Prenatal, development, introduction to Psychology
Primarily, the my prenatal develomental stage essay formation of a neural tube takes place first. A trimester lasts three months. At this stage, the fetus is about the size of a kidney bean and begins to take on the recognizable form of a human being as the tail begins to disappear. The placenta is a structure connected to the uterus that provides nourishment and oxygen from the mother to the developing embryo via the umbilical cord. The height and weight of the foetus keep increasing throughout. The cells present in the inner section lead to the formation of the embryo, while the cells in the outer section develop to form the placenta. The head also begins to form rapidly as the first signs of facial features start showing themselves. Off to a good start: The influence of pre- and periconceptual exposures, parental fertility, and nutrition on childrens health.
Reflexes help the newborn survive until it is capable of more complex behaviorsthese reflexes are crucial to survival. After 5 days of mitosis there are 100 cells, and after 9 months there are billions of cells. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (fasd) are a collection of birth defects associated with heavy consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. This growth keeps happening until the entire mass of cells now starts resembling a vague shape of a human being. A woman may notice such common signs as: blue lines under the skin over her breasts and abdomen; waistline expansion; breasts that grow larger, food aversions and cravings, heartburn and indigestion, fatigue, complexion problems, a need to urinate often, constipation, headaches. During the first trimester the mothers body and the fetus are changing quickly. During the prenatal time such vital organs as the brain, spinal cord, heart and others are forming.
Stages of, prenatal, development
Deficiencies in them can result in an incomplete growth of the foetus or even defects in the neural tube, resulting in an ill-developed brain. By 8 weeks, the embryo has nearly most of the basic organs a human being needs to function, but its gender still remains undetermined. The developing fetus is completely dependent on the mother for life. The second trimester often delivers nasal congestion and occasional nose bleeds; whitish vaginal discharge; less of a need to urinate often; constipation; increase in appetite; Braxton Hicks contractions in which the uterus becomes hard and tight and then relaxes; leg cramps; backache; fatigue. This leads to the formation of a foetus that is small in size, which also affects the development of various body organs and immune systems as well as nervous systems. The second trimester of pregnancy lasts until the end of the seventh month. As discussed at the beginning of this module, developmental psychologists often divide our development into three areas: physical development, cognitive development, and psychosocial development. Throughout the fetal stage the brain continues to grow and develop, nearly doubling in size from weeks 16. The rooting reflex is the newborns response to anything that touches her cheek: When you stroke a babys cheek, she naturally turns her head in that direction and begins to suck. A zygote begins as a one-cell structure that is created when a sperm and egg merge. This is where the conception takes place. Alcohol: All mothers are strongly advised to ditch the bottle prior to pregnancy itself. The foetal period of prenatal development is of intense growth and, hence, is very sensitive to other conditions.
The brain development is still taking place and it is important for that to continue unabated without any issues, to have a child that is strong, independent, and healthy like his peers. The baby can be my prenatal develomental stage essay hyperactive, extremely oversensitive to external environments or even anybody holding them, and could also suffer from mental retardation. If you are interested in learning more about human development in babies, watch this TED talk by Alison Gopnik. The first trimester is the initial stage of pregnancy from conception to 12 weeks gestation. Amphetamines and Tranquillizers: These are the worst of them all and can cause long-term damage to the foetus, leading to severe retardation or extensive complications during birth. Furthermore, the mother and foetus should avoid exposure to any substances like alcohol, illegal drugs, or any medications, that directly affect the foetus and lead to multiple malformations. During each prenatal stage, genetic and environmental factors can affect development. Newborn infants sensory abilities are significant, but their senses are not yet fully developed. Malnutrition: Nutrition and a balanced diet are of prime importance in the prenatal period, since the growth of the baby is at an all-time high. When any problems or issues occur, it is important to understand the reason behind its occurrence and what actions can be taken.
It is important that the mother takes good care of herself and receives prenatal care, which is medical care during pregnancy that monitors the health of both the mother and the fetus (Figure 2). The sucking reflex is the automatic, unlearned, sucking motions that infants do with their mouths. If it is still present during conception or is consumed in the initial stages of prenatal development, my prenatal develomental stage essay it can affect the growth cycle of the baby. Several other interesting newborn reflexes can be observed. Now blood vessels grow, forming the placenta. Pasco Rakic, a professor of neuroscience at Yale University, states: The number of neurons and the way that they are organized is determined by heredity (Jabs,.
Prenatal, development free essay sample - New York, essays
Although vision is their least developed sense, newborns already show a preference for faces. These are the most important prenatal stages of human development for a baby. HIV positive mother can pass the virus to her child. The fetus continues to gain weight and grow in length until approximately 40 weeks. Certain pesticides or aerosols can contain chemicals that harm the natural growth of the infant. Throughout pregnancy, it is essential for the mother to keep a balanced and nutritious diet that contains all the vitamins and minerals that are needed. The policy was called the Interagency Policy on Management of Substance Abuse During Pregnancy, and had disastrous results. Head size, below-average head circumference, eyes, smaller than average eye opening, skin folds at corners of eyes.