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Obsessive compulsive disorder essays
Weissman MM, Bland RC, Canino GL et al, 1994. According to her, they share the same childhood and the same experiences, however she is the only one with the disease. These thoughts are intrusive, unpleasant, and produce a high degree of anxiety. Though there is no cure for this disease, an individual can live a normal life with proper therapy and medications. While there is little doubt that the hidden epidemic of OCD exists, the actual prevalence of clinically relevant disorder has been called into question. By the early seventeenth century, the obsessions that drove Shakespeares Lady Macbeth to suicide were recognized to be a product of her guilty mind, for which there was no medical cure. Treatment of OCD, behavioural Therapy, behaviour therapy called behaviour modification refers to the use of learning theory in the treatment of psychological disorders. However, some patients may benefit less from the therapy as they do not exhibit overt compulsions and have moderate-to-severe depression. The quality of the patients lives increases as some of their OCD symptoms had been relieved. Nevertheless, OCD is a common disease just like diabetes or asthma; therefore, people with this disorder can live a normal life. The cause of OCD is unknown; however, there are some risk factors that can promote the progression of the disease: Micro pathology of brain.
Essay: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) - Essay UK Free
Medications can give relief from the feelings of anxiety or tensions. The most common of these are washing and checking. However, obsessions in the form of thoughts are much more common than those in the form of impulses or images. Often they succeed in concealing their obsessive - compulsive. However, the major drawback of medication is that most patients will have to take drugs indefinitely. Org) He served a short spell in the San Mateo Area correctional facility, and consented to openly denounce LSD. Half of all OCD patients admitted for treatment suffer compulsions in the realm of repetitive checking or excessive cleaning and washing. According to a case study given in ocdcenter.
A more recent 5-year prospective follow-up study of 100 OCD patients showed that in spite of the introduction of modern treatments, outcomes were similar to Skoog and Skoogs cohort, with only 20 reaching full remission of their OCD, 50 showing partial. Mental rituals, such as re-creation of the account or self instructions, are also implemented to reduce the imaginary danger. These rituals are repeated and deliberate actions, which help to prevent the imaginary misery, or to relief. So far, the results have been positive with anywhere from 25 to 50 of OCD patients who underwent deep brain stimulation showing improvement. In addition, it can be confused with other psychiatric diseases. Theres another ongoing study looking at deep brain stimulation for obsessive - compulsive disorder at Brown University. In most cases, usual obsessions are accompanied by oppressive anxiety or fear. Thus, information from this book should be precise and reliable. Org) In 1965, Ken ran into legal trouble for marijuana possession, after his return to California. Obsessive compulsive disorder is considered to be one of the most strongly inherited mental disorders (Pauls, Alsobrook, Goodman, 1995). For instance, if the patient is obsessed with being clean, the person would develop a compulsion to wash their hands over and over again. However, clinical reappraisal of DIS-positive cases resulted in less than 25 continuing to meet the criteria for OCD (Nelson Rice, 1997).One explanation is that the rates of illness reported in the original ECA studies may have been exaggerated. Obsessive, compulsive, disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, or OCD, is one of the anxiety disorders.
Especially when they are not actually having an obsession, they can recognize that their obsessions and compulsions are unrealistic. Steketee G, Eisen J, Dyck I et al, (1999) Predictors of course in obsessive compulsive disorder, Psychiatr Res 89 (3 229-38. The information is reliable as the authors consisted mainly of professionals. Antidepressant drugs are often prescribed and varying degrees of success have been reported. Patients with OCD usually retain full insight into the absurdity of their symptoms, although this is not always the case (Insel Akiskal, 1986). The subsequent application of learning theory to OCD led to the development of effective behavioural treatments in the 1960s and 1970s. Most people with OCD struggle to suppress the obsessive thoughts and to prevent their compulsive behaviors. The role of the cognitive therapy is to prepare the ground for the implementation of the behaviour therapy and to help prevent a return of the problem once treatment is over. Electrical stimulations are delivered through these devices to control the individuals anxiety. Risks and Benefits of Behavioural Therapy According to the studies that had been found, CBT is proved to be an effective treatment for the majority of patients that completed. Obsessive - compulsive disorder is thus different from psychotic diseases, which make people lose an adequate assessment of the reality. With the dawning of the Renaissance in Western Europe, religious explanations based on demonic possession were superseded by a more humanistic understanding.
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They feel relief from the OCD symptoms. Social Implication Many people think that they are fit and healthy. Edu) A prevalent competitor, Ken exceeded expectations in wrestling in both high school and at the University of obsessive compulsive disorder essays Oregon. Sometimes the obsessions are of violent or sexual nature, or concern illness. They were viewed as an unusual expression of melancholia. If people develop an obsession with intruders, those people might develop an obsession of locking their doors many times. That is why it is called obsessive - compulsive disorder, after obsessions and compulsions. Social factors (strict religious upbringing, inadequate response to specific situations). OCD can be misunderstood by the public due to the information given by the media. A recent compilation of outcome studies showed that of more than 300 OCD patients who were treated by exposure and response prevention, an average of 76 percent still showed clinically significant relief from 3 months to 6 years after treatment.
With the growth of research into the epidemiology, psychopharmacology, neurobiology, neuropsychology and genetics of OCD, reviewed throughout this publication, the emphasis has once again swung back toward a medical model. According to statistics from the World Global Health Organization, OCD is ranked ten among all diseases as a cause for disability. Org) Two examples of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder obsessions are fear of contamination or dirt and having things orderly and symmetrical. Since then, when he has a made-up idea about the possible contamination, he always puts his hands into the pockets (Giddens 43). Although he wrote many stories, such as Sometimes a Great Notion, he is most famous for his novel, The One Who Flew over the Cuckoos Nest. More specifically, the most effective treatments are a type of CBT called Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) which has the strongest evidence supporting its use in the treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and/or a class of medications called serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SRIs. Though the answers in this website are the opinions of the author, but they are backed up by solid clinical studies. Their quality of lives improved.
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This led to the underestimation of the number of people with the illness. A family study of obsessive compulsive disorder, Am J Psychiatry 152 : 76-84. The clustering of OCD and Tourettes syndrome (TS) within families suggests a common inherited factor. The authors found that roughly 60 showed signs of general improvement within 10 years of onset of illness, rising to 80 by the end of the study. The book also discusses the treatments that are available, and provides valuable practical advice to those who may need help. Taiwan and India were the only exceptions, with rates below. The problem is people who suffer from OCD often feel embarrassed by their thoughts and behaviors, which can contribute to delays in seeking treatment, being diagnosed, and receiving treatment. The disorder is more common than schizophrenia, and about half as common as depression. Early age of onset, made if there are also unrelated obsessive - compulsive symptoms, in which case more than one diagnosis may be warranted. A diagnosis of OCD should only be contrast; men predominate in surveys of OCD referrals, possibly reflecting a greater severity in males. According to research published in the Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, stimulation of the portion of the brain called the ventral striatum resulted in improvement in the symptoms of obsessive - compulsive disorder. It works by first identifying your fears and ranking them from mildest to most severe. Besides, the patients need to be highly motivated to get well and follow the therapists instructions.
The nimh survey showed that OCD affects more than 2 percent of the population, meaning that OCD is more common than severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or panic disorder. Get help with your essay today from our professional essay writers! Get a Price" Total price:.00 Psychotherapy, which allows a person to better understand its internal conflicts in obsessive - compulsive disorder, as a rule, is not effective enough. Thus, more doctors advise people with OCD to try the newer ssris first. He was born Kenneth Elton Kesey, September 17, 1935, in La Junta, Colorado. There is another evidence that support the above statement. Such measures help to overcome the fear of contracting with serious infectious diseases (O'Connor 51). From the case study provided in the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, the patients feel motivated to get well and loosen the grip OCD has had on their lives when they undergo the therapy. Moreover, all these phenomena are not imposed by the outside factors or by any other forces (for instance, schizophrenia).
We will write a custom essay sample. The patient is to face the feared situations without performing the compulsive ritual. The most common obsessions are contamination, loss of loved ones, and obsessive doubts. An average female to male ratio.5:1.0 is accepted for the community at large, although the ratio appears roughly equal in the adolescent population, obsessive compulsive disorder essays reflecting perhaps the earlier onset in boys. 20 Key themes have been identified that underlie most symptoms. Moreover, about one out of eighty-three people suffers from this disease. In particularly in males, having obsessions and compulsions or magical thinking, poor social adjustment, and an early chronic course, predicted a worse outcome. For example, a person with fear of contamination can feel relief, once in he puts his hands into his pockets. By the beginning of the twentieth century, with the development of psychoanalysis, the focus shifted onto psychological explanations based on unconscious conflicts, but this did not provide a useful strategy for treatment. Pinto A,. Four Steps for Conquering Obsessive Thoughts and Compulsive Urges Psychiatrist Jeffrey Schwartz, author of Brain Lock: Free Yourself from Obsessive - Compulsive Behavior, offers the following four steps for dealing with OCD: Effectiveness of Cognitive -Behavioural Therapy CBT can.
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However, the complex set of genes underlying this heritability and exactly how genes contribute to the illness are unknown. 100 Plagiarism Free Price from only.99/page. Rachman ii) Deep Brain Stimulation Deep brain stimulation involves the surgical implantation of 2 electrical stimulators, one on each side of the brain, in areas that are involved in OCD symptoms which are subsequently connected to pacemaker-like devices. The interesting fact about the disorder is that people are aware of their actions, however, they do not think that it is strange. However even along these lines, you feel unable to resist them and break free.
The benefits of deep brain stimulation are that it is reversible, adjustable and not risky. Evaluation of Sources This Obsessive Compulsive Disorder The Facts provides up-to-date information about the nature, symptoms, causes and theories of obsessive - compulsive disorder. They do not know they have OCD. Get help with your essay today, from our professional essay writers! 26, 2007) Cambridge researchers have discovered that individuals with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and their close family members have distinctive patterns in their brain structure. This is not an example of the work produced by our. OCD can vary from mild to severe. In many cases, pre-existing obsessional tendencies are unmasked and exaggerated by the events surrounding childbirth.
Functioning features of the autonomic nervous system. Basically, cognitive therapists teach patients healthy and effective ways of responding to obsessive thoughts, without resorting to compulsive behaviour. However, a survey conducted in the early 1980s by the National Institute of Mental Health (nimh) provided new knowledge of OCD. There are two types of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. There are OCD myths that confuse the people and made them confuse. It is believed that the low levels of certain chemicals in the brain such as serotonin are factors contributing to timage. Obsessive compulsive disorder with psychotic features: a phenomenological analysis, Am J Psychiatry 143:1527-33. Yet the illness remains largely under-recognized, and the psychosocial and economic costs to society from untreated OCD are high (Hollander, Wong, 1998). The most effective treatments for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder are Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and/or medication.
In a 40-year prospective follow-up study, reported by Skoog and Skoog, the authors managed to locate and examine 144 out of 251 OCD patients who had previously been admitted as inpatients under their care between 191Given that effective treatments. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, also known as OCD, is one of the worlds most widespread and potentially harmful diseases out there. Compared with the pace of these historical developments, modern understanding of OCD has expanded with dramatic speed. The positive effects of behaviour therapy endure once treatment has ended. Its efficacy has been demonstrated with remarkable consistency. Around 85 are expected to relapse inside 30 to 60 days after they stop taking the drugs. Women during pregnancy and the puerperium are particularly at risk of developing the disorder. Alternative Solutions i) Pharmacotherapy Many psychiatrists believe that pharmacological treatment is of considerable value in OCD. However, there are also medications that can help to improve the patients state. There, Tom Wolfe interviews him for The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test. Two examples of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder compulsion are hand-washing until your skin becomes raw and silently repeating a prayer, word or phrase. They do not feel totally different from other people around them.
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Again and again, the individual experiences a disturbing thought, such as, "I may have left the gas on" or "I am going to injure my child. You can view samples of our professional work here. In response to their obsessions, most people with OCD use repetitive behaviors called compulsions to try to calm themselves. Most patients suffer a mixture of different obsessions or compulsions. Obsessive compulsive disorder is more common in women, although the differences are not as obvious as in depression or other anxiety disorders. Nelson E, Rice J, 1997. A patient with low motivation to change is unlikely to benefit from this treatment as such patients are less likely to comply to the instructions of the treatment. Violations in exchange neurotransmitters: serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine, gaba. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder specifically for you for only.90/page, order Now, obsessions and compulsions were first described in the medical literature of the early nineteenth century.
Ken was such a variety of things to so many individuals. In a cohort of 475 patients with OCD, (6) displayed lack of insight. It is not surprising that the World Health Organization has now recognized OCD as a public health priority. OCD appear in people of all ethnic groups and affects males and females are equally. For many years, mental health professionals thought of OCD as a rare disease because only a small minority of their patients had the conditions, but it was not true. Medications can be said to be very effective in reducing the symptoms of OCD with minimal adverse side effects. Another study indicated that incorporating relapse-prevention components in the treatment program, including follow-up sessions after the intensive therapy, contributes to the maintenance of improvement.