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Decomposition - poem essay

decomposition - poem essay

Metaphorically, then, the poem enacts the vastness of space and the smallness of man within that space. This second decomposition - poem essay definition is especially pertinent since it is a word chiefly associated with, or used by, children. New York: Liveright, 1991. This undecidability promotes a moral anxiety, since the surface innocence of the poem is found to be corrupt, and since no conclusion or closure is offered, what exactly is the poem trying to say morally? The lack of punctuation here helps this interpretation, since by supplying a comma after "come the sentence still remains grammatical. Online Course - LinkedIn Learning, powerPoint: From Outline to Presentation, online Course - LinkedIn Learning. The fragile structure swamped in white.

Decomposition: Poetry and Beggar Look Essay Example For

Instead, much is left out. Kidder ends decomposition - poem essay by stating that the "balloonman" has drawn the children "toward a world of complex adult interrelationships" (24). The poem seems to be dealing with issues far and beyond that of an interpretative meaning. Thus, most critics ignore at one time or another syntax and spacing, or the sexual motif within the poem. "Puddle-wonderful" now takes on different connotations. Reading Apollinaire: Theories of Poetic Language. There are also the undecided issues of abstract / concrete, female / male la" and "le the numerical / verbal, and the visual / verbal. In other words, Cummings is deliberately placing the capital and the words where they are to create ambiguity.

This has existential undertones and decomposition - poem essay implicitly suggests another theme of the poem-that of death (autumn). The very thing that is both seen and read is hushed in the vision, hidden in the reading" ( Ceci 26). The parentheses aid this twisting movement, showing first, descent one way, then another. The "I / 1" is, literally, seen to be many "1's" at the same time. In fact, it upsets and derails meaning. With a huge puddle, a "mud- end page 32 luscious" site. Furthermore, the next letter "a" is the indefinite article and its singularity at once supports the concept of "loneliness" and "one-ness." However, pushing into yet another field of representation, this time the French language, we see that "la" is the. The "nursery rhyme" quality is further enhanced by the repetitive "and" and the three repeated verses, which, in this context is indicative of the limited linguistic knowledge of children's songs and chants. I T he purpose of this investigation is twofold.

Decomposition Poem - SlideShare

It is a point which only end page 34 one critic touches upon, yet who unfortunately withdraws from it in the same moment. Immediately following this comes: "le at once another "one" (the "l and also another singularity decomposition - poem essay (this time male-as if even the sexes are separated). To Richard Kennedy the "balloonman" is "the toy-bringer" and revealed to be the "god Pan-or some other mythic satyr" (. Why is the whole poem ironic? Indeed, "in Just-" has also attracted the same "simple" description, and furthermore, "it the poem cuts through to the essence of things as only a child can" (Marks 46). Edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. He is the divine maypole about which these innocents begin le sacre du printemps " (28). Thus, Kidder states that the poem's innocent surface also contains "an underlying presence inimical to that very innocence." Rather than force the issue, Kidder contents himself by concluding that "Goats conventionally emblemize lust-clearly not a childlike quality-and the capital in the final.

The twenty-three characters (including the title) seemed lost, overwhelmed by the white space, and one's eyes are automatically drawn to the fragile construction. Furthermore, as we have seen, there is a metaphysical dimension to the poem that links "a leaf falls" and the "autumn" years of a person's life. The reading just discussed is not purporting to be the "truth" or correct "meaning" of the poem. Another day in paradise m/watch?vQt2mbGP6vFI. In interpreting this line, the capital becomes the main problem. The children have been playing at "marbles "piracies." "hop-scotch and "jump-rope." It will be noted that the names of the children are, first, without capitalisation. Cummings, a Major Minor Poet." Spring: The Journal of the. The poem never speaks and represents at the same moment. A scatological semantic field begins to emerge from the poem. However, conventional criticism has made the link. 1 in Just- spring when the world is mud- luscious the little lame balloonman whistles far and wee and eddieandbill come running from marbles and piracies and it's spring when the world is puddle-wonderful the queer old balloonman whistles. Cummings: An Introduction to the Poetry, New York: Columbia University Press, 1979.

Decomposition by Zulfikar Ghose - SlideShare

This is deemed negative by these critics, since childhood / innocence is lost and it is only this childhood / innocence which can recognise the "secrets of nature" (Kennedy, Revisited 6). In years to come, the memory of this annual occurrence plus the advent of the balloon-seller, blowing his whistle, and the remembered joy of childhood play coalesce to inspire decomposition - poem essay mmings' best known poem "in Just-/spring". Line five repeats the "one-ness' motif (ironically in a pair) as well as visually enacting the downward movement of the leaf. This interpretation allows us to penetrate the surface of the poem and treat all definitions, allusions, and symbols with suspicion. Starting with the first line, we see that the letter "l" is the same character on the typewriter keyboard as the number "1." Thus, moving into another field of representation (the numerical we see the number one repeated throughout the poem. The "balloonman" is then described as "queer" and could point to homosexuality in this interpretation, especially since the word comes between the separate activities engaged by the two sexes. Taking the satyr image first, we find that satyrs are "goatlike men who danced and drank in the train of Dionysus and chased the nymphs and is also "a man who has strong sexual desires." Indeed, the condition. Bethany Dumas suggests that "the innocence of childhood play is only intensified by the poet's recognition that the balloonman introduces into the scene a potentially satyric note" (63). Decomposition* By Zulfikar Ghose *state of rotting or decay, especially of organic matter. Concluding that this isn't so much semantic richness as semantic indecision, Derrida contends that this arises from the unsettling placing of letters, sounds, and words-in other words from syntax (the location of linguistic elements not from semantics (meanings). 24, and Dumas. It shall then move on to read Cummings in "new" ways, taking the post -structuralist theories of Jacques Derrida as a working basis. Secondly, to justify the using of post-structuralist theory with Cummings' work by showing that only post-structuralism can expose these "new" facets of Cummings' work.

Zulfikar Ghose Decomposition

I Am My Writing: The Poetry. As Rushworth Kidder has pointed out, the poem suggests the "innocent and wonderful' world of childhood" (24). It is with this established criticism that we shall begin. To conclude, Cummings' poem supports Derrida's radical conclusion that since all the words in this poem can be decomposed, there are no more words. In his 1974 essay "Mallarmé Jacques Derrida contended that Mallarmé's writings have usually been associated with semantic richness-the possibilities that language can be used for multiple meanings, references, and allusions. Derrida claims that this crisis is as a result of the "logic of language and not an aberrant distortion." Furthermore, that the crisis is both new- "we are still developing critical methods end page 37 adequate. 9 Collins Concise Dictionary, Third Edition, Glasgow: HarperCollins Publishers, 1995. The poem under discussion is "l(a l(a le af fa ll s) one l iness ( CP 673) This haiku-like poem has been described as the "most delicately beautiful literary construct that Cummings ever created" (Kennedy, Dreams 463). First, the adjective regarding size: very small, minute, or tiny. The figure of the "balloonman" has been interpreted in many, often conflicting, ways. The poem "in Just-"is the first in a section entitled. However, to Derrida, drawing originates in blindness.

decomposition - poem essay

The unusual compounds that Cummings invents are suggestive of decomposition - poem essay a "child's language hence, "mud-luscious" and "puddle-wonderful." These compounds have been described by Richard Kennedy as "the natural condition that children enjoy (but that adults dislike (. Clearly, this definition "fits" into the poem, since the "whistle" could be "small" (i.e. 8 For a fuller discussion of this sort of word rearrangement, see Irene Fairley's. In particular, this interpretation draws us to the "new" compounds that Cummings invents and any unusual words that he uses. Like Cummings' own (in)famous and diminutive "i the lack of capitals suggests a small, "unhero child-like persona.

Both of these poems Tramp by Rupert Loydell and Decomposition

Thus, in "l(a" a tension of sorts develops as the reader is pulled both inside and outside the poem. Poverty decomposition - poem essay in India Poverty in India is widespread, with the nation estimated to have a third of the world's poor. Lastly, that the spacing and odd syntax are both deliberate and suggestive of Cummings' work as a painter. I have a picture I took in Bombay of a beggar asleep on the pavement: grey-haired, wearing shorts and a dirty shirt, his shadow thrown aside like a blanket. Rushworth Kidder, who described the poem as a "brief description of autumn states that "the single leaf falling is a metaphor for both physical and spiritual isolation" (200-201). Cummings is dealing with the problems of representation itself, and that is a major issue currently under debate. The dictionary gives us two definitions. 7 See Cohen.

Labriola, "Reader-Response Criticism and the Poetry. In fact, Derrida suggests it is all three. The visual suffers the same fate. Thus, the artistic power of seeing and making visible is inhabited by blindness it cannot recognize. Think of autumn, the end of the growing season, the death of the year" (23). London: University of Chicago Press, 1993. Cummings: A Remembrance of Miracles. Autumn (fall) and the autumn of a man's life-death is a lonely business. Line seven explicitly states "one whilst line eight numerically does the same.

Decomposition by Zulfikar Ghose Analysis The Know Buzz

"Reader-Response Criticism and the Poetry. Cummings remembers this childhood moment but attempts to render the poem from the point of view of a child. Lane, on the other hand, suggests that "the balloonman epitomizes fertility. Postmodernism, or, decomposition - poem essay The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Secondly, the names are merged into one another; "eddieandbill" and "bettyandisbel." The effect here is to render the hustle, bustle, and speed of the children as they come running to the summons of the whistle. Also, being proficient in English, Mallarmé knew that "or" could also be a syllable, a word, or letters in English. 10 Wordsworth Dictionary of Mythology, Edinburgh: Wordsworth Editions Ltd. One interpretation seemingly omitted is the interpretation of the "balloonman" as a pilot-literally an air balloon man. In their search for a "truth" or "meaning" for "in Just- the critics have interpreted parts of the poem which seem at odds with the general theme of innocence / childhood. Thus, the themes of "one / singular / alone" are only perceptible, paradoxically, through the splintered, diverse, and shattered syntax. As Timothy Matthews says, talking about Apollinaire's Calligrammes, "reading the poems dismantles the identification of the objects that the word shapes seem to suggest" (164). Being placed in its own "white" space means, in Cummings' poetry, to emphasise. Dionysus also conjures up images of drunken orgies of wild abandonment and in his history is associated with toys and pirates.

Memoirs of the Blind: The Self-Portrait and Other Ruins. What has changed is the "Man" in "balloonman." This suggests that Cummings wished to emphasise the "man" part of the "balloonman." The children are unaffected by this change, for nowhere in the poem do we glimpse either the children interacting. Gary Lane goes further, however, and suggests that the "balloonman" is the "essence of two Pans. Emphasising the "Man Cummings is either pointing toward the (hidden?) sexual theme of the poem, or toward the state of adulthood in general. 13 See Derrida's essay on Mallarmé in Acts of Literature. Poverty in Africa small-scale farmers nomads and herders artisanal fishers wage labourers displaced people households headed by woman unemployed youth landless people Source: ifad. The downward movement is enhanced by lines 5 ll and 8 l which can be seen as visually enacting the journey. London: Andre Deutsch, 1972.

(DOC) Phenomenological Study of Zulfikar Ghose s Poetry Sahar

2, like Peter, he is the spokesman of wish" decomposition - poem essay (27). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1976. Criticism so far published has concentrated upon three areas in interpreting this poem. However, when "reading" a poem, the visual is undermined since the reader's concentration is on individual letters / syllables, which the reader is attempting to build into larger structures-words. New York: Liveright, 1980. 5 The main omission in critical discussion seems to be about the capital in "Just-." To Kidder, the capital emphasises a "spring which brings its own inevitable justice and he favours this interpretation over two others: "in the earliest.

The falling of a leaf is a concrete act, whilst the word "loneliness" is an abstract concept. An Analysis of Two Poems.E. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1987. As Derrida states, "in their literal sense painting and writing are totally incapable of any intuition of the thing itself, since they deal only in copies, and in copies of copies" ( Reader 176). In turning to the god Pan, we find that he too was "lascivious and debauched was "constantly chasing decomposition - poem essay nymphs and "was no less interested in boys who often satisfied his needs." 10 Also a god of chaos, he drove.

Thus, the reader looks outward toward fields of French and numerical representation. Half-man, half-goat, is an image clearly associated with satyrs and in decomposition - poem essay particular the god Pan. This has relevant implications in the current post-modern debate about systems of signification, especially in an era where the sign can mean so many things (life styles, wealth, or even social status). Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. If we examine the first line of the poem we notice that ambiguity abounds. Bringing the sexually separate children together.

Dobby Gibson Decomposition as a Spiritual Value in Poetry

By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. It can be a noun gold an adjective golden and a conjunction decomposition - poem essay now. Modes of representation, then, fail to convey any truth or "transparent window" to the object; indeed, the artistic medium always intervenes between reader /observer and the thing itself. This dislocation results in a position where truth/meaning is undecidable, and Derrida can conclude that "No more word: the efficacy often comes from one syllable which scatters the word" ( Acts 125). 3 However, Lane suggests that "using the white space within or between lines, Cummings is able to regulate the poem's tempo." This is important since "what seems at first mere idiosyncrasy quickly reveals itself to be a kind of notation, like. Kidder observes that the "balloonman" draws the children "toward each other, and thus toward a world of complex adult interrelationships which. In other words, that the children, at this moment, are moving from an innocent state to a state of knowledge-a "growing up" of sorts. Cummings: The Art of His Poetry. This "language issue" is highlighted in the poem, and shown in the deliberate attempts by Cummings to bend / extend language through "new" inventions and ambiguities. "Cummings, Kennedy, and the Major / Minor Issue." Spring: The Journal of the. To begin with, the poem dribbles down the page, at once suggesting the descent of a falling leaf, whilst also visually resembling the figure "1 or a vertical stroke on a page (see Heusser 269-70). The poem, then, becomes a poem of "associative meaning"-that is, a poem which forces the reader to go outside the poem for meaning, despite being constantly forced back into the poem. However, as we shall see, this "innocent" world is at the same time a troubled world of deviant sexuality and foreboding.